The Philippines was first colonized by the followers of the religion of Islam when the first group of Muslim Traders arrived in Sulu in 1380. As the Muslim traders spread throughout the archipelago, they established sultanates as a form of governance all throughout the 3 main islands of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. In 1521 the Spaniards arrived to conquer the Philippines and they battled with the Muslims(Moros) and successfully drove them back to Sulu. The Spaniards ruled over the Philippines until 1898 when the Americans won the Spanish-American war. The Philippines was then ceded to the United States of America. In 1935, the USA allowed the Philippines to become a self-governing commonwealth. Manuel QUEZON was elected president and was tasked with preparing the country for independence. On July 4, 1946 the Republic of the Philippines attained its independence and became a sovereign country for the first time.
Government type: presidential republic
The Philippines is divided into Regions, Provinces, Cities and Municipalities, Barangays and Puroks.
- As of 2015 according to the NSCB (National Statistical Coordination Board)
- The Philippines is divided into 17 Regions.
- There are 81 PROVINCES in the Philippines.
- There are 146 Cities in the Philippines.
- 38 Chartered cities: Angeles, Bacolod, Baguio, Butuan, Cagayan de Oro, Caloocan, Cebu, Cotabato, Dagupan, Davao, General Santos, Iligan, Iloilo, Lapu-Lapu, Las Pinas, Lucena, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Mandaue, Manila, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Naga, Navotas, Olongapo, Ormoc, Paranaque, Pasay, Pasig, Puerto Princesa, Quezon, San Juan, Santiago, Tacloban, Taguig, Valenzuela, Zamboanga City
- There are 1,489 Municipalities in the Philippines.
- There are 42,046 Barangays in the Philippines.
Capital City: Manila
Area: 300,000 sq. km. (117,187 sq. mi.).
- Terrain: Islands, 65% mountainous, with narrow coastal lowlands.
- Climate: Tropical, astride typhoon belt.
- Total water area: 1,830 sq km.
- Total coastline: 36,289 km.
Languages (dialects) of the Philippines: The Philippines has over 70 languages or dialects. Two native languages standout, that is Visayan and Tagalog. But as far the educational system and legislative system of the Philippines are concerned, the basic language is English. All tests to get certified and become professionals in the field of education, engineering, medicine, aviation, agriculture, etc. etc. are English based.
Featured News of the Philippines
Updated: May 22, 2022
Army official hopes next admin will sustain NTF-ELCAC gains.
MACO, Davao de Oro – President Rodrigo Duterte will be best remembered for addressing peace and order issues and eradicating insurgency, areas that the incoming administration should also prioritize. Brig. Gen. Jesus Durante III, commander of the Army’s 1001st Infantry Brigade (1001st IBde), said they are optimistic that President-elect Ferdinand Marcos Jr. will have a similar strong stand against the Communist Party of the Philippines-New People’s Army (CPP-NPA).
Salary increase top concern for Davao teachers
DAVAO CITY – Teachers here are appealing for a salary increase, saying they will be more effective at their jobs if they have one less problem to worry about. In an interview over the weekend, Merry, a grade school teacher in the Island Garden City of Samal, said it is a sad reality that they have to patronize loan sharks, both to make ends meet and for work itself.
Last Updated on May 22, 2022