Philippines

The Philippines
The Philippines
As noted, the stars on the flag represent the 3 major islands of the Philippines: Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.
After the constitutional change of 1987 the name of Mindanao was changed to “Muslim Mindanao”.
Filipino is the national language. But English is the “lingua franca”. English is the official language for the Educational system and Judicial System.

 

The Philippines was first colonized by the followers of the religion of Islam when the first group of Muslim Traders arrived in Sulu in 1380. As the Muslim traders spread throughout the archipelago, they established sultanates as a form of governance all throughout the 3 main islands of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. In 1521 the Spaniards arrived to conquer the Philippines and they battled with the Muslims(Moros) and successfully drove them back to Sulu. The Spaniards ruled over the Philippines until 1898 when the Americans won the Spanish-American war. The Philippines was then ceded to the United States of America.  In 1935, the USA allowed the Philippines to become a self-governing commonwealth. Manuel QUEZON was elected president and was tasked with preparing the country for independence. On July 4, 1946 the Republic of the Philippines attained its independence and became a sovereign country for the first time.

Government type: presidential republic

The Philippines is divided into Regions, Provinces, Cities and Municipalities, Barangays and Puroks.

  • As of 2015 according to the NSCB (National Statistical Coordination Board)
    • The Philippines is divided into 17 Regions.
    • There are 81 PROVINCES in the Philippines.
    • There are 146 Cities in the Philippines.
      • 38 Chartered cities: Angeles, Bacolod, Baguio, Butuan, Cagayan de Oro, Caloocan, Cebu, Cotabato, Dagupan, Davao, General Santos, Iligan, Iloilo, Lapu-Lapu, Las Pinas, Lucena, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Mandaue, Manila, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Naga, Navotas, Olongapo, Ormoc, Paranaque, Pasay, Pasig, Puerto Princesa, Quezon, San Juan, Santiago, Tacloban, Taguig, Valenzuela, Zamboanga City
    • There are 1,489 Municipalities in the Philippines.
    • There are 42,046 Barangays in the Philippines.

Capital City: Manila

Area: 300,000 sq. km. (117,187 sq. mi.).

  • Terrain: Islands, 65% mountainous, with narrow coastal lowlands.
  • Climate: Tropical, astride typhoon belt.
  • Total water area: 1,830 sq km.
  • Total coastline: 36,289 km.

Languages (dialects) of the Philippines: The Philippines has over 70 languages or dialects. Two native languages standout, that is Visayan and Tagalog. But as far the educational system and legislative system of the Philippines are concerned, the basic language is English. All tests to get certified and become professionals in the field of education, engineering, medicine, aviation, agriculture, etc. etc. are English based.


Featured News of the Philippines

Updated: December 22, 2022

Pangasinan town mayor donates 6-month salary to employees.
CALASIAO, Pangasinan – The mayor of this town has donated her six months worth of salary to provide rice assistance to all the municipal employees. On her Facebook page on Thursday, Mamilyn Agustin Caramat said this is her gift to the hardworking employees. Each of the 680 employees will receive a sack of 50 kilos of rice. Of the total number of employees, 285 are job order workers, 184 are casual employees, 199 are regular employees and 12 elected officials. “All of the employees will receive a sack of rice before Christmas,” Caramat said.


Baguio reminds tourists to continue observing health protocols
BAGUIO CITY – With the increase in tourist arrivals as Christmas nears, Mayor Benjamin Magalong on Thursday reminded anew residents and tourists that the coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) remains a threat so there is the need to continue observing the minimum public health standards. “We still have the pandemic so we still have to be conscious of our protocols –wearing of masks, especially in congested areas, indoors and at the same time, we want you to enjoy,” Magalong said in a media interview. Baguio remains under a low-risk category of Covid-19 despite a spike in tourist arrivals.

Source: “PNA.GOV.PH

Last Updated on December 22, 2022