Philippines

The Philippines
The Philippines
As noted, the stars on the flag represent the 3 major islands of the Philippines: Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.
After the constitutional change of 1987 the name of Mindanao was changed to “Muslim Mindanao”.
Filipino is the national language. But English is the “lingua franca”. English is the official language for the Educational system and Judicial System.

 

The Philippines was first colonized by the followers of the religion of Islam when the first group of Muslim Traders arrived in Sulu in 1380. As the Muslim traders spread throughout the archipelago, they established sultanates as a form of governance all throughout the 3 main islands of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. In 1521 the Spaniards arrived to conquer the Philippines and they battled with the Muslims(Moros) and successfully drove them back to Sulu. The Spaniards ruled over the Philippines until 1898 when the Americans won the Spanish-American war. The Philippines was then ceded to the United States of America.  In 1935, the USA allowed the Philippines to become a self-governing commonwealth. Manuel QUEZON was elected president and was tasked with preparing the country for independence. On July 4, 1946 the Republic of the Philippines attained its independence and became a sovereign country for the first time.

Government type: presidential republic

The Philippines is divided into Regions, Provinces, Cities and Municipalities, Barangays and Puroks.

  • As of 2015 according to the NSCB (National Statistical Coordination Board)
    • The Philippines is divided into 17 Regions.
    • There are 81 PROVINCES in the Philippines.
    • There are 146 Cities in the Philippines.
      • 38 Chartered cities: Angeles, Bacolod, Baguio, Butuan, Cagayan de Oro, Caloocan, Cebu, Cotabato, Dagupan, Davao, General Santos, Iligan, Iloilo, Lapu-Lapu, Las Pinas, Lucena, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Mandaue, Manila, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Naga, Navotas, Olongapo, Ormoc, Paranaque, Pasay, Pasig, Puerto Princesa, Quezon, San Juan, Santiago, Tacloban, Taguig, Valenzuela, Zamboanga City
    • There are 1,489 Municipalities in the Philippines.
    • There are 42,046 Barangays in the Philippines.

Capital City: Manila

Area: 300,000 sq. km. (117,187 sq. mi.).

  • Terrain: Islands, 65% mountainous, with narrow coastal lowlands.
  • Climate: Tropical, astride typhoon belt.
  • Total water area: 1,830 sq km.
  • Total coastline: 36,289 km.

Languages (dialects) of the Philippines: The Philippines has over 70 languages or dialects. Two native languages standout, that is Visayan and Tagalog. But as far the educational system and legislative system of the Philippines are concerned, the basic language is English. All tests to get certified and become professionals in the field of education, engineering, medicine, aviation, agriculture, etc. etc. are English based.


Featured News of the Philippines

Updated: January 17, 2022

Legazpi, 5 Albay towns suspend classes as Covid-19 cases soar.
LEGAZPI CITY – This city, along with five municipalities in Albay province, announced on their respective social media accounts on Monday the suspension of classes from January 17-28 due to rising number of active coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) cases. In an advisory, Legazpi City Mayor Noel Rosal said the order is part of the City Inter-Agency Task Force’s preemptive action, considering the surge of confirmed infections in the city. The suspension of classes covers all levels in both public and private schools and “submission of academic requirements and conduct of other teaching-related activities shall be moved to a later date,” the announcement read.
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Iloilo City targets 60K kids in vax drive for 5-11 age group
ILOILO CITY – The local government here is gearing to commence its pediatric vaccination targeting more or less 60,000 children aged five to 11 years old by the end of this month. “Once we roll out the vaccination for 5 to 11 (years old), we already identified two mega vaccination sites that will cater only to this age group to separate them (from other vaccinees),” said Dr. Roland Jay Fortuna, Iloilo City Covid-19 focal person, in a press conference on Monday. He said the use of the gymnasiums of the Ateneo de Iloilo Sta. Maria Catholic School and the Central Philippine University (CPU) is still subject to confirmation.

Source: “PNA.GOV.PH