Philippines

The Philippines
The Philippines
As noted, the stars on the flag represent the 3 major islands of the Philippines: Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.
After the constitutional change of 1987 the name of Mindanao was changed to “Muslim Mindanao”.
Filipino is the national language. But English is the “lingua franca”. English is the official language for the Educational system and Judicial System.

 

The Philippines was first colonized by the followers of the religion of Islam when the first group of Muslim Traders arrived in Sulu in 1380. As the Muslim traders spread throughout the archipelago, they established sultanates as a form of governance all throughout the 3 main islands of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. In 1521 the Spaniards arrived to conquer the Philippines and they battled with the Muslims(Moros) and successfully drove them back to Sulu. The Spaniards ruled over the Philippines until 1898 when the Americans won the Spanish-American war. The Philippines was then ceded to the United States of America.  In 1935, the USA allowed the Philippines to become a self-governing commonwealth. Manuel QUEZON was elected president and was tasked with preparing the country for independence. On July 4, 1946 the Republic of the Philippines attained its independence and became a sovereign country for the first time.

Government type: presidential republic

The Philippines is divided into Regions, Provinces, Cities and Municipalities, Barangays and Puroks.

  • As of 2015 according to the NSCB (National Statistical Coordination Board)
    • The Philippines is divided into 17 Regions.
    • There are 81 PROVINCES in the Philippines.
    • There are 146 Cities in the Philippines.
      • 38 Chartered cities: Angeles, Bacolod, Baguio, Butuan, Cagayan de Oro, Caloocan, Cebu, Cotabato, Dagupan, Davao, General Santos, Iligan, Iloilo, Lapu-Lapu, Las Pinas, Lucena, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Mandaue, Manila, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Naga, Navotas, Olongapo, Ormoc, Paranaque, Pasay, Pasig, Puerto Princesa, Quezon, San Juan, Santiago, Tacloban, Taguig, Valenzuela, Zamboanga City
    • There are 1,489 Municipalities in the Philippines.
    • There are 42,046 Barangays in the Philippines.

Capital City: Manila

Area: 300,000 sq. km. (117,187 sq. mi.).

  • Terrain: Islands, 65% mountainous, with narrow coastal lowlands.
  • Climate: Tropical, astride typhoon belt.
  • Total water area: 1,830 sq km.
  • Total coastline: 36,289 km.

Languages (dialects) of the Philippines: The Philippines has over 70 languages or dialects. Two native languages standout, that is Visayan and Tagalog. But as far the educational system and legislative system of the Philippines are concerned, the basic language is English. All tests to get certified and become professionals in the field of education, engineering, medicine, aviation, agriculture, etc. etc. are English based.


Featured News of the Philippines

Updated: August 4, 2022

Iloilo province to boost DOH vax program.
ILOILO CITY – The provincial government here will roll out a program to complement the “PinasLakas” vaccination government of the Department of Health (DOH) aimed at reaching 90 percent coverage for fully vaccinated elderly and 50 percent coverage for the first booster dose of the general population during the first 100 days of the new administration.


Tribal village opening to kick off Kadayawan fest Aug. 5
DAVAO CITY – The opening of the 37th Kadayawan Festival here on August 5 will highlight the houses, culture, and traditions of this city’s 11 tribes. Aptly called Kadayawan Tribal Village set up at Magsaysay park here, the city’s indigenous people will also showcase their rituals, food, dances, and weaving to let the public learn more about their ways.

Source: “PNA.GOV.PH

Last Updated on August 4, 2022